Mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast
Modified continental with mild winters, cool summers
Population: 520,672 (July 2014 est.)
Languages: Luxembourgish (official administrative language and national language (spoken vernacular)), French (official administrative language), German (official administrative language)
Roman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000)
This small, stable, high-income economy (benefiting from its proximity to France, Belgium, and Germany) has historically featured solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. The industrial sector, initially dominated by steel, has become increasingly diversified to include chemicals, rubber, automobile components, and other products. Growth in the financial sector, which now accounts for about 36% of GDP, has more than compensated for the decline in steel.
Luxembourg enjoys one of the highest standards of living of any nation in the European Community. The country's traditional rural cottages have thick walls and heavy beams. Many urban dwellers rent modern apartments. Over 60 percent of Luxembourgers own their own homes.
US Military Presence/Support
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (1:07)