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Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north


Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south


Nationality: Nepali (s)
Population: 30,430,267 (July 2013 est.)
Languages: Nepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census) Note: many in government and business also speak English


Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)


Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, with about one-quarter of its population living below the poverty line. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting for a little over one-third of GDP. Industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural products, including pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain.

Living Conditions

Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, a fact that is reflected in the nation's health and vital statistics. The average life expectancy at birth is fifty-three years. The leading causes of death are infectious and parasitic diseases, and respiratory problems. Infant mortality rates are high, amounting to 81 deaths per 1,000 live births. Fertility rates are also high, with 5.2 average births per childbearing woman in the population.


Federal democratic republic

US Military Presence/Support






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