Mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
Tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
Nationality: Puerto Rican(s) (U.S. citizens)
Population: 3,620,897 (July 2014 est.)
Languages: Spanish, English
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region, however, growth has been negative for the past four years, and unemployment rose to nearly 16% in 2011. The industrial sector has surpassed agriculture as the primary focus of economic activity and income. Mainland US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income.